Behavioral finance FAQ / Glossary (Group)

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i: incidental

Group behavior



00/12i - 03/7i + see groupthink,
genetic utility, herding,
conformity,
consensus, bandwagon,
trend following + bfdef2

Sticking with friends, even down the cliff.

Groups influence not only thoughts but also actions.

Like for groupthink (see below), that impacts people opinions / judgments,
individual behaviors also are affected by the group(s) to which those people
belong or are related.

Group members tend to imitate one another.
      Conformity is pervasive
. The group not only tries to control our
      neurons but also our hands and feet.

Is it OK?


There are some good motives to conform to what the group tells and does,
if only to keep the group unity and strength when facing the outside

world.

If we do not live in isolation it is because our survival as human
beings
was based on cooperating with others, and on following some
common rules.

This  is a matter of human evolution (found in other species too)

But this loyalty and convergence of statements and actions is acceptable
only within reasonable limits.

Common mistakes are not better, or are even worse, than individual
ones.

One particular danger is that in a group, people may lose their
individual inhibitions
(or hide their individual reservations) and adopt
a common behavior even if it becomes excessive or irrational. As seen
in the groupthink article, there can be an escalation towards radical /
extreme moves
.

Group behavior in markets

Following the market crowd.


In markets, people might act, in various cases, not as independent beings,
but under the influence of the other players.

This is found in bandwagon effects, trend following, information cascade...
(see those words)

That behavior might make prices deviate from estimates that would be

based on an independent and rational rewards / risks analysis.

Well, some might say that behaving like the crowd also has, to some
extent, its rationality

Some agent-based models (see that phrases) use "behavioral"
algorithms (see mathematical psychology). Those robots are supposed
to decrypt how participants in the "investing community" are interacting,
predict their next moves and the consequences on prices.

There is some uncertainty here, as in real life, people reactions can
stray
from the model.

Groupthink



00/12i - 01/1i - 02/10 - 08/19i
+ see group behavior,
consensus,
(common) beliefs, peer pressure,
conformity

Better live happily together than decide what is the best?

  Definition:

Groupthink is not a neutral word about sharing some thoughts with
your neighbors and colleagues.
It applies usually to faulty analysis and decisions made by groups
when
members become dominated by the wish to avoid inside
conflicts.

This wish overrides the aim to do a rational and full analysis of the
issue itself.

An excessive desire to reach a consensus (*) sometimes
deteriorates
mental efficiency, reality testing, wisdom and
moral judgment.

(*) However rational could be the motives to preserve
the group cohesion and goals, and the advantage found

in exchanging informations and ideas with other people.

Pros and cons

Normally, in a group, people are supposed to analyze things better than they
do individually, by combining information and ideas from all members.

This is sometimes called the "wisdom of crowd".

That angelic concept is debatable and a bit illusive, as emotions can
interfere and individuals
become often "under influence".

They tend to abandon they own ideas and to adhere to the group
majority thinking (common opinion).

There are even cases when the debate escalates towards
the most radical opinions and behaviors,
as every member wants
to show its zeal towards the group and therefore throws more gasoline on
the bonfire.

This is a kind of "escalation of commitment" (see commitment).

(*) To find those messages: reach that BF group and, once there,
      1) click "messages", 2) enter your query in "search archives".

Members of the BF Group, please
 vote on the glossary quality at
BF polls

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This page last update: 12/09/15  

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